Small businesses are normally privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships. What businesses are defined as “small” in terms of government support and tax policy varies depending on the country and industry. Small businesses range from 15 employees under the Canadian Fair Work Act 2009, 50 employees according to the definition used by the European Union, and fewer than 500 employees to qualify for many U.S. Small Business Administration programs. Small businesses can also be classified according to other methods such as sales, assets, or net profits.
Preparing a small business plan in Newfoundland will identify the amount of capital required. You will need start-up capital for a building and/or leasehold improvements, licenses, equipment, legal and incorporation fees and materials. You may also need operating capital for rent, utilities, wages and salaries, benefits, telephone and transportation. You will require the services of a bank to provide for cheques and deposits and to keep a separate record of your business transactions.
There are a lot of ways to get a small business loans in Newfoundland Canada. Canada Small Business Financing Program is the leading organisation which helps with all kinds of help ragarding small business. Small businesses are an important part of Canada’s economy, but they face unique challenges when they look for financing.
TYPES OF BUSINESS FINANCING:
*Term Financing: Term financing is required to fund the purchase of business assets such as equipment, land and buildings.
*Equity Financing: Equity financing is the provision of funds for capital or operating expenses in exchange for a percentage of ownership interest in the business financed without any guaranteed return, but with the opportunity to share in the company’s profits.
*Working Capital: Working capital is money needed for everyday operations such as rent, utilities, wages and office supplies. Many working capital needs are funded by the cash surplus of a business. During startup, and at times when cash requirements outpace contributions from sales, there may not be enough cash on hand to cover the day-to-day operating needs. In this case, businesses may acquire working capital either by borrowing money for a short time at fixed interest rates and repayment schedules or by establishing a line of credit at a bank or other financial institution.
*Line of Credit: A line of credit may be extended to a company representing a sum of money to be used as the enterprise sees fit. The interest on a line of credit is computed only on the amount actually used.
*Other: In addition to banks and other financial institutions,there may be other sources offunding you can access. These include personal equity, family and friends (usually called love money), informal investors (called angels), venture capital companies (private firms that invest in high risk/high return ventures, usually by acquiring large shares of the business and providing management assistance), supplier credit, equity funding from its many sources, shareholders and government departments and agencies. An Economic Development Officer can discuss your funding needs with you and offer financial advice. For more information on assistance available in this province, contact your local Innovation, Trade and Rural Development office.
The Canada Small Business Financing Program has been helping small businesses with their financing needs for over 50 years. Under the program, the Government of Canada makes it easier for small businesses to get loans from financial institutions by sharing the risk with lenders.
-To help new businesses get started and established firms make improvements and expand
-To improve access to loans that would not otherwise be available to small businesses
-To stimulate economic growth and create jobs for Canadians
The program has assisted more than 142,000 businesses since 1999, with loans totalling about $1 billion each year.
Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.
Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit www.agr.gc.ca), not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.
Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.
PROCESS OF APPLYING FOR LOAN:
Financial institutions deliver the program and are solely responsible for approving the loan.
Discuss your business needs with a financial officer at any bank, caisse populaire, or credit union in Canada. The financial officer will review your business proposal and make a decision on your loan application. Once the decision is made to offer financing under the program, the financial institution will disburse the funds and register the loan with Industry Canada. (Find a lender near you)
Loans can be used to finance the following costs:
-Purchase or improvement of land or buildings used for commercial purposes
-Purchase or improvement of new or used equipment
-Purchase of new or existing leasehold improvements, that is, renovations to a leased property by a tenant
For example, you can use a loan to finance:
Commercial vehicles, hotel or restaurant equipment, computer or telecommunications equipment and software, production equipment, admissible costs to buy a franchise.
You cannot use a loan to finance items such as:
Goodwill, working capital, inventories, franchise fees, research and development
The interest rate is determined by your financial institution and may be variable or fixed.
Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender’s prime lending rate plus 3%. Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender’s single family residential mortgage rate for the term of the loan plus 3%.
A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan. The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.
TERMS OF FINANCING
Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee.
For more information, please contact your financial institution (Find a lender near you).
This program is administered by Small Business Financing Directorate.
Small businesses loans can encounter several problems related to Corporate social responsibility due to characteristics inherent in their construction. Owners of small businesses often participate heavily in the day-to-day operations of their companies. This results in a lack of time for the owner to coordinate socially responsible efforts. Additionally, a small business owner’s expertise often falls outside the realm of socially responsible practices contributing to a lack of participation. Small businesses also face a form of peer pressure from larger forces in their respective industries making it difficult to oppose and work against industry expectations. Furthermore, small businesses undergo stress from shareholder expectations. Because small businesses have more personal relationships with their patrons and local shareholders they must also be prepared to withstand closer scrutiny if they want to share in the benefits of committing to socially responsible practices or not.